School of Business

PROGRAM/DEGREE 
PROGRAM REQUIRMENTS 
ENTRY TERM 
SPECIAL NOTES 
H.S. AVERAGE 
Accounting (Certificate)
ATC (0932) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall and Spring 
Bookkeeping and accounting courses recommended. 
70 or above 
Administrative Information Management and Technology (A.A.S.)
AIM (2214) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall and Spring 
Business and software courses recommended. 
70 or above 
BusinessAccounting (A.A.S.)
ATG (0630) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall and Spring 
Bookkeeping and accounting courses recommended. 
70 or above 
Business Administration (A.A.S.)
BSA (0632) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall and Spring 
Transfer students are required to have a 2.0 GPA or higher in 4 courses applicable to the degree. Math entrance requirements may be waived if a student has successfully completed (a grade C or above) a higher level math. 
70 or above 
BusinessBusiness Administration (A.S.)
BAD (0671) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math (80 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
Transfer students are required to have a 2.75 GPA or higher in 5 courses applicable to the degree. Math courses recommended. Math entrance requirements may be waived if a student has successfully completed (a grade C or above) a higher level math. 
80 or above 
BusinessMarketing (A.A.S.)
MKT (0633) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall and Spring 

70 or above 
Computer Information Systems (A.A.S.)
CIS (0581) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 years of equivalent academic math (80 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
Computer courses recommended.
Transfer students are required to have a 2.0 GPA or higher.
Math entrance requirement may be waived if a student has successfully completed minimally MATH 150 with a grade of "C" or higher or by permission of department chair. 
80 or above 
Computer Information Systems (A.S.)
CSS (1171)  Algebra, Geometry and Algebra II or 3 years of equivalent academic math (80 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
Computer courses recommended.
Transfer students are required to have a 2.0 GPA or higher.
Math entrance requirements may be waived if a student has successfully completed minimally MATH 130 with a grade of "C" or higher or by permission of department chair. 
80 or above 
Computer Information Systems: System and Network Administration (A.A.S.)
CSA (1750) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 years of equivalent academic math (80 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
Computer courses recommended.
Transfer students are required to have a 2.0 GPA or higher.
Math entrance requirements may be waived if a student has successfully completed minimally MATH 130 with a grade of "C" or higher or by permission of department chair. 
80 or above 
Computer Information Systems: Web Design and WWW Programming (A.A.S.)
CWW (1747) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 years of equivalent academic math (80 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
Computer courses recommended.
Transfer students are required to have a 2.0 GPA or higher.
Math entrance requirements may be waived if a student has successfully completed minimally MATH 130 with a grade of "C" or higher or by permission of department chair. 
80 or above 
Digital Marketing (A.A.S.)
DMK (2443) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall and Spring 

70 or above 
Entrepreneurship (A.A.S.)
ETP (1362) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall and Spring 

70 or above 
Entrepreneurship (Certificate)
ETC (1192) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall and Spring 

70 or above 
Health Information Management and Technology (A.A.S.)
HIM (2215) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall and Spring 
Business and software courses recommended. 
70 or above 
IT Help Desk Support Certificate
HDC (2565) 
Algebra and Geometry or 2 years of equivalent academic math (80 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
N/A 
80 or above 
School of Engineering and Industrial Technologies

PROGRAM/DEGREE 
PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS 
ENTRY TERM 
SPECIAL NOTES 
H.S. AVERAGE 
Advanced Manufacturing Technology (A.O.S.)
AMT (0490) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall only 
Additional math courses recommended. 
70 or above 
Architectural Technology (A.A.S.)
ACT (0538) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math (70 or above in each course) 
Fall only 

70 or above 
Automotive Management (A.A.S.)
AUM (2296) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent
academic math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall and Spring 
Need valid driver’s license. Special testing through
program coordinator. 
70 or above 
Automotive Technical Services (A.O.S.)
ATS (0411) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall only 
Need valid driver's license. 
70 or above 
Automotive Technical ServicesAutobody Repair (A.O.S.)
ABR (0453) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall only 
Need valid driver's license. 
70 or above 
Civil Engineering Technology (A.A.S.)
CIV (0517) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math (70 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
Additional science, math, and mechanical drawing courses recommended. 
70 or above 
Clean Energy Management (A.A.S.)
CEN (2540) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math (70 or above in each course) 
Fall only 
Transfer students are required to have a 2.0 GPA or higher in four courses applicable to the degree. Math entrance requirements may be waived if a student has successfully completed (a grade C or above) a higher level math. 
70 or above 
Computer Aided Drafting (Certificate)
CAC (0950) 
1 unit of any math 
Fall only 
Interview with program coordinator is required. 
N/A 
Construction (Certificate)
CNC (0924) 
1 unit of any math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall and Spring 
Carpentry capability recommended. 
70 or above 
Construction TechnologyBuilding Construction (A.A.S.)
CON (0540) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math (70 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 

70 or above 
Electrical Construction and Maintenance (A.O.S.)
ECM (0461) 
1 unit of any math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall and Spring 
Additional math courses recommended. Spring entrance will require additional semesters to complete the program. 
70 or above 
Electrical Engineering TechnologyElectronics (A.A.S.)
ELT (0699) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math (70 or above in each course) 
Fall only 
Additional science, math, and mechanical drawing courses recommended. 
70 or above 
Electrical Technology: Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology (A.A.S.)
SMT (1786) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math (70 or above in each course) 
Fall only 
Additional science, math, and mechanical drawing courses recommended. 
70 or above 
Heating/Air Conditioning/Refrigeration Technical Services (A.O.S.)
HRS (1590) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall and Spring 
Additional math courses recommended. Spring entrance will require additional semesters to complete the program. 
70 or above 
Mechanical Engineering Technology (A.A.S.)
MEC (0493) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math (70 or above in each course) 
Fall only 
Additional math courses recommended. 
70 or above 
Mechatronics (A.A.S.)
MCT (2450) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math (70 or above in each course) 
Fall only 
Math entrance requirements may be waived if a student has successfully completed (a grade C or above) a higher level math. 
70 or above 
Overhead Electric Line Worker
(Certificate)
LWC (2029) 
1 unit of academic math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall only 

70 or above 
Photovoltaic Installation (Certificate)
PVC (1923) 
1 unit of any math (70 or above in the course) 
Fall only 
Additional math courses recommended. 
70 or above 
Semiconductor Technology
(Certificate)
SMC (2264) 
PHYS 135 Technical Physics I, MATH 150 College Algebra & Trigonometry, MATH 165 Basic Calculus with Analytic Geometry (Formerly MATH 151), ELET 100 Electricity I, ELET 101 Electricity II, ELET 105 Electronics I & ELET 215 Operational Amplifiers 
Fall and Spring 
Applicants to this program must have completed the required courses or equivalent or by permission of department chair. 
N/A 
School of Health Sciences

PROGRAM/DEGREE 
PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS 
ENTRY TERM 
SPECIAL NOTES 
H.S. AVERAGE 
Community Health Navigation (Certificate)
CMC (2654) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math and biology (70 or above in each course) 
Fall only 


Community Health Navigation (A.A.S.)
CMH (2655) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math and biology (70 or above in each course) 
Fall only 


Dental Assisting (Certificate)
DAC (1353) 
None 
Fall only 
CPR certification for health professionals through the American Heart Association (adult, child and infant CPR). 

Dental Hygiene (A.A.S.)
DHY (0545) 
Algebra, biology and chemistry w/lab.
Collegelevel chemistry (4) credits with a “C” grade or higher
(75 or above for Regents or 85 or above for nonRegents in each course) 
Fall only (Application DeadlineFeb. 1st) 
Additional science courses
with “C” or better preferred.
All collegelevel science courses
will be counted toward the
Dental Hygiene selective
admission process. College
chemistry course must have
been taken within the past 5
years and must include organic,
inorganic, and biochemistry
with lab. All college level science
courses must be taken
within 5 years. 
Regents
Diploma:
75 or
above or
NonRegents
Diploma:
85 or
above 
Diagnostic Medical Sonography (Certificate)
MSC (1018) 
Must have a minimum
of an associate's degree
in an allied health program
which requires
hospital based patient
care experience with a
2.5 cumulative average
or a bachelor’s degree
with a 2.5 cumulative
average and a minimum
of 400 hours of
hospitalbased patient
care experience including 40 hours in department.
All candidates applying
must have a minimum
of a “C” or higher
in the additional college
level entrance
requirements. 
Fall only 
College level courses mandated: 8 credits
human anatomy and physiology (courses must have been taken within seven years of admittance); 3
credits algebra, statistics or higher level;
4 credits physics and/or radiographic
physics; 3 credits English such as composition
or public speaking.
Allied health programs may include: Invasive Cardiovascular Technology, Polysomnography, Radiologic Technology, Respiratory Therapy, RN, OTA, PTA, MD or DO. 
N/A 
Echocardiography (Certificate) ECO (1096) 
(same as Diagnostic Medical Sonography requirements above) 
Fall only 
College level courses mandated: 8 credits
human anatomy and physiology (courses must have been taken within seven years of admittance); 3
credits algebra, statistics or higher level;
4 credits physics and/or radiographic
physics; 3 credits English such as composition
or public speaking.
Allied health programs may include: Invasive Cardiovascular Technology, Polysomnography, Radiologic Technology, Respiratory Therapy, RN, OTA, PTA, MD or DO. 
N/A 
Emergency Medical TechnicianParamedic (A.A.S.)
EMS (1293) 
Algebra, or 1 unit of equivalent academic math (70 or above in the course) and biology 
Fall and Spring 
Information session with coordinator of program is required. 
N/A 
Emergency Medical TechnicianParamedic (Certificate)
PAR (1332) 
Candidates must hold current NYS EMT Card, have one year of EMT experience and information session with coordinator of program is required. 
Fall only
Spring (exceptions as noted) 
Exceptions for spring admission require department chairperson or program director permission. Permission may be granted for students who:
 have sufficient transfer credit or life experience credit.
 wish to lighten subsequent fall courseload.
Contact the department for specific details. 
N/A 
Invasive Cardiovascular Technology (A.A.S.)
CVT (2010) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math, biology and chemistry with labs (70 or above in each course) 
Fall only 
American Heart Association basic life support certification  Course C for Health Care Providers 
Regents Diploma: 75 or above or NonRegents Diploma: 85 or above 
Mortuary Science (A.A.S.)
MTS (0599) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math, biology and chemistry w/labs (a grade of "B" or better in each course; courses must have been taken within five years) or HVCC BIOL 109 Biology of the Human Organism and HVCC CHEM 095 Essentials of Chemistry (a grade of "B" or better in each course; courses must have been taken within five years) 
Fall only 
Social science electives recommended. 
80 or above 
Nursing (A.A.S.)
NUR (0622)
(Fulltime) day 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math, biology and chemistry w/labs (75 or above for Regents or 85 or above for nonRegents in each course) 
Fall only 
CPR certificate required for clinical courses. Grade of "B" required in noncredit bearing courses. Grade of "C" required in credit bearing math and science courses. 
Regents Diploma: 75 or above or NonRegents Diploma: 85 or above 
Nursing (A.A.S.)
NIR (1546)
(Parttime) evening 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math, biology and chemistry w/labs (75 or above for Regents or 85 or above for nonRegents in each course) 
Fall only 
CPR certificate required for clinical courses. Grade of "B" required in noncredit bearing courses. Grade of "C" required in credit bearing math and science courses. 
Regents Diploma: 75 or above or NonRegents Diploma: 85 or above 
Polysomnography ( A.A.S.)
PSG (2298) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math, biology and chemistry w/labs (70 or above in each course) 
Fall only 

70 or above 
Radiologic Technology (A.A.S.)
XRY (0628) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math, biology and chemistry or physics w/labs (75 or above for Regents exam or 85 or above for nonRegents in each course) 
Fall only (Application DeadlineFeb. 1st) 
Additional math and science recommended. Grade of "B" required in noncredit bearing courses. Grade of "C" required in credit bearing math and science courses. 
Regents Diploma: 75 or above or NonRegents Diploma: 85 or above 
Respiratory Care (A.A.S.)
RES (0440) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math, biology and chemistry w/labs (75 or above for Regents or 85 or above for nonRegents in each course) 
Fall only 
Additional math and science recommended. Grade of "B" required in noncredit bearing courses. Grade of "C" required in credit bearing math and science courses. 
Regents Diploma: 75 or above or NonRegents Diploma: 85 or above 
Surgical Technology (Certificate)
SGC (0028) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math, biology and chemistry w/labs (75 or above for Regents or 85 or above for nonRegents in each course) 
Fall only 
CPR Certificate required for clinical courses. Grade of "B" required in noncredit bearing courses. Grade of "C" required in credit bearing math and science courses. 
Regents Diploma: 75 or above or NonRegents Diploma: 85 or above 
Surgical Technology (A.A.S.)
SGT (1355) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math, biology and chemistry w/labs (75 or above for Regents or 85 or above for nonRegents in each course) 
Fall only 
CPR Certificate required for clinical courses. Grade of "B" required in noncredit bearing courses. Grade of "C" required in credit bearing math and science courses. 
Regents Diploma: 75 or above or NonRegents Diploma: 85 or above 
School of Liberal Arts and Sciences

PROGRAM/DEGREE 
PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS 
ENTRY TERM 
SPECIAL NOTES 
H.S. AVERAGE 
Animal Policy (Certificate)
APC (2262) 
1 unit of academic math 
Fall and Spring 
Social Science, humanities and lab sciences courses recommended. 
70 or above 
Biological Sciences (A.S.)
BSC (1554) 
Algebra, geometry and algebra II or 3 units of equivalent academic math, biology, chemistry (80 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
Physics recommended. 
80 or above 
Biotechnology (A.S.)
BIO (1211) 
Algebra, geometry and algebra II or 3 units of equivalent academic math, biology, chemistry (80 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
Physics recommended. 
80 or above 
Biotechnology (Certificate)
BIC (1859) 
A minimum of 40 credits in collegelevel science and mathematics comprised of at least:
8 credits of chemistry at the level of CHEM 110/111 or higher,
68 credits of mathematics at the level of MATH 150 or higher,
8 credits of physics at the level of PHYS 140/141 or higher,
1618 credits of biology at the level of BIOL 150/151 or higher. 
Fall and
Spring 


Chemical Dependency Counseling (A.A.S.)
CDC (1070) 
None 
Fall and Spring 

N/A 
Chemical Dependency Counseling (Certificate)
CCC (1103) 
Students entering this program must have a minimum of an associate's degree in human services or related field and two years of experience. 
Fall and Spring 
 Proof of a minimum of 2 years clinical experience in the CDC or related field with supervision by an OASASqualified QHP
 A letter of recommendation to the program from a current or past employer listing related job responsibilities
 Permission of department chair

N/A 
Coaching (Certificate)
CHC (1164) 
None 
Fall and Spring 


Criminal Investigation (A.A.S.)
CRI (1934) 
1 unit of academic math 
Fall and Spring 
A 2.0 GPA is required for transfer students and major changes. 
70 or above 
Criminal Justice (A.A.S.)
CRJ (1100) 
1 unit of any math 
Fall and Spring 
Social science, humanities and lab sciences courses recommended. 
70 or above 
Criminal Justice (A.S.)
CJA (1100) 
2 units of academic math 
Fall and Spring 
Social Science, humanities and lab sciences courses recommended. 
85 or above 
Cybersecurity (A.S.)
CYB (2595) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math (80 or above in each course) 
Fall only 
A 3.0 GPA is required for transfer students and major changes. 
85 or above 
Digital Media (A.S.)
DGM (1599) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math, and 1 unit of any lab science (70 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
Strongly recommend algebra II, biology, chemistry and physics. High School art courses recommended. 
70 or above 
Digital Media (Certificate)
DMC (1514) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math, and 1 unit of any lab science (70 or above in each course) 
Fall 
Strongly recommend algebra II, biology, chemistry and physics. High School art courses recommended. 
70 or above 
Early Childhood (A.A.S.)
ECD (1327) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math 
Fall and Spring 
A 2.0 GPA is required for transfer. Additional social science or humanities recommended.
Effective Fall 2017: A 2.0 GPA is required for transfer students or HVCC students changing curriculum. Additional social science or humanities recommended. 
70 or above
Effective Fall 2017: 80 or above 
Early Childhood Administration (A.A.S.)
ECA (2543) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math 
Fall and Spring 
A 2.0 GPA is required for transfer. 
70 or above 
Early Childhood Administration (Certificate)
ECC (2544) 
N/A 
Fall and Spring 
Must have a minimum of an associate's degree in early childhood or a bachelor's degree in any field or by assessment and approval of the Department Chairperson. 
N/A 
Engineering Science (A.S.)
ENS (0530) 
Algebra, geometry, algebra II and precalculus or 4 units of equivalent academic math, chemistry and physics w/labs. (90 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
For high school students: additional math recommended.
For transfer students or HVCC students changing curriculum: "B" or higher in MATH 180 Calculus I and one of either CHEM 110 General Chemistry I, CHEM 120 Chemistry I or PHYS 150 Physics I or "C" or higher in (all three) MATH 180, CHEM 110 or CHEM 120, and PHYS 150. Equivalent courses are acceptable. 
90 or above 
Environmental Science (A.S.)
ESC (1016) 
Algebra, geometry and algebra II or 3 units of equivalent academic math, biology and chemistry (80 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 

80 or above 
Exercise Science (A.S.)
EXR (2542) 
1 unit of any math and
1 unit of any science 
Fall and Spring 
Strongly Recommended 
N/A 
Fine Arts (A.S.)
FAR (0664) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math, and 1 unit of any lab science (70 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
Strongly recommend algebra II, biology, chemistry and physics. High school art courses recommended. 
70 or above 
Fitness Specialist (Certificate)
FSC (2442) 
1 unit of lab science 
Fall and Spring 
Social Science, Humanities recommended 

Forensic Science Studies (A.S.)
FSS (1666) 
Algebra, geometry and algebra II or 3 units of equivalent academic math, Regents chemistry 
Fall and Spring 
Students transferring in from other institutions and other Hudson Valley programs who wish to be admitted to the program will be required to have a minimum GPA of 2.5. An interview with Department Chairperson is required for current Hudson Valley Community College students. 
78 or above 
Health and Wellness Studies (A.S.)
HWS (2536) 
1 unit of any math, including GED math and
1 unit of any science 
Fall and Spring 
Strongly recommend high school biology. 
N/A 
Health Sciences (Certificate)
HEC (2259) 
1 unit of academic math, 1 unit of science (70 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 

70 or above 
Human Services (A.A.S.)
HUS (0604) 
1 unit of any math, including GED math 
Fall and Spring 

70 or above 
Human Services (A.S.)
HSS (1175) 
None 
Fall and Spring 

N/A 
Individual Studies (A.A. and A.S.)
INS (0688) 
None 
Fall and Spring 

N/A 
Individual Studies Online (A.A. and A.S.)
IND (1651) 
None 
Fall and Spring 

N/A 
Liberal Arts & Sciences  Adolescent Education (Teacher Education Transfer) (A.S.)
ADE (1804)

Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math and 1 unit of any lab science 
Fall and Spring 
Students seeking concentrations in
math, biology, chemistry, earth
science and physics must meet prerequisites
for math and science courses
as listed in the concentration. 
78 or above 
Liberal Arts and Science: Humanities and Social Science (A.A.)
LAR (1120) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math and 1 unit of any lab science (70 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
Strongly recommend algebra II, biology, chemistry and physics. Courses of study in: behavioral and social sciences, foreign studies, journalism, political science and other specialized areas. 
70 or above 
Liberal Arts and Science: Mathematics and Science (A.S.)
MAS (0645) 
Algebra, geometry and algebra II or 3 units of equivalent academic math, biology, chemistry and/or physics (85 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
For high school students: strongly recommend Math 12, courses of study in: biology, chemistry, computer science, engineering, math and physics.
For transfer students or HVCC students changing curriculum: "B" or higher in MATH 170 Precalculus, and one of either CHEM 110 General Chemistry I, CHEM 120 Chemistry I, BIOL 150 General Biology I, PHYS 140 General Physics I or PHYS 150 Physics I or "C" or higher in MATH 170, and two of either CHEM 110, CHEM 120, BIOL 150, PHYS 140 or PHYS 150. Equivalent courses are acceptable. 
85 or above 
Physical Education Studies (A.A.)
PES (1485) 
1 unit of any math, including GED math and
1 unit of any science 
Fall and Spring 
Strongly recommend high school biology. 
70 or above 
Physical Sciences (A.S.)
PHS (2213) 
Algebra, geometry and algebra II or 3 units of equivalent academic math, biology, chemistry (85 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
Physics is recommended 
85 or above 
Public Administration Studies (A.A.S.)
PAD (0692) 
1 unit of any math 
Fall and Spring 
Humanities, lab science and social science courses recommended. 
70 or above 
Special Education Assistant (Certificate)
SPC (2599) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math 
Fall and Spring 
A 2.0 GPA is required for transfer students. 
70 or above 
Teaching Assistant (Certificate)
TCC (1330) 
Algebra or 1 unit of equivalent academic math 
Fall and Spring 
A 2.0 GPA is required for transfer students. 
70 or above 
Theatre Arts (A.S.)
THR (0695) 
Algebra and geometry or 2 units of equivalent academic math and 1 unit of any lab science (70 or above in each course) 
Fall and Spring 
Strongly recommend algebra II, biology, and involvement or experience with theatre activities. 
70 or above 
Worksite Health Promotion (Certificate)
WHC (2460) 
1 unit of lab science 
Fall and Spring 
Social Science, Humanities recommended 

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